I came across this snippet in a journal.
Prejudice has always Been prevalent
But not all will be pulled from the market, yet. Action Alert!
The policy comes in the form of a guidance document, which lays out the FDA’s current position on the regulation of homeopathic drugs.
In the guidance, the FDA says:
That’s right: in one fell swoop, the FDA has declared that virtually every single homeopathic drug on the market is being sold illegally. The guidance explains that the agency will apply a risk-based regulatory approach that will prioritize enforcement actions against:
The FDA also says that it recognizes that many homeopathic drugs fall outside of these categories and does not intend to take action against such products at this time, but the writing is on the wall. If it wants to, the FDA could go after any homeopathic drug currently on the market.
Is this level of regulatory scrutiny necessary? No. Although prior to the release of FDA’s guidance document homeopathic drugs did not need to go through the New Drug Approval process, they underwent a different kind of pre-market approval. Homeopathic drugs traditionally required a monograph from the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS), which involves clinical verification of the efficacy of the substance.
FDA’s process started two years ago, when the agency held a public hearing to evaluate its enforcement policies for homeopathic products. We suspected the agency was planning to tighten its grip on homeopathy, which, after all, competes with the pharmaceutical drugs that fund the FDA.
The IHM is posting a wonderful and informative article by Dr. Guillermo Zamora, MD , Homeopath written in 2010.
As Homoeopathic physicians, we are often asked if usage is made of antibiotics in cases of infection, and I have long held that at times, judicious application of them may be necessary. This article will give food for thought. (Editor G.W.)
It is clear that at Dr. Hahnemann´s times, was unknown the existence of microbial life, however, it seems to be that Dr. Hahemann in some way alluded to the possibility that something else could cause illness. We can see this in the following paragraphs of the Organon:
Paragraph 31, Organon, 6th ed:
“The inimical forces, partly psychical, partly physical, to which our terrestrial existence is exposed, which are termed morbific noxious agents, do not possess the power of morbidly deranging the health of man unconditionally1; but we are made ill by them only when our organism is sufficiently disposed and susceptible to attack of the morbific cause that may be present, and to be altered in its health, deranged and made to undergo abnormal sensations and functions – hence they do not produce disease in every one nor at all times.”
In the next paragraph, Dr Hahnemann refers to the infectious miasmas:
“The true natural chronic diseases are those that arise from a chronic miasm, which when left to themselves, and unchecked by the employment of those remedies that are specific for them, always go on increasing and growing worse, notwithstanding the best mental and corporeal regimen, and torment the patient to the end of his life with ever aggravated sufferings. These, excepting those produced by medical malpractice (§ 74), are the most numerous and greatest scourges of the human race; for the most robust constitution, the best regulated mode of living and the most vigorous energy of the vital force are insufficient for their eradication.1”
Please read the footnote.
“1 During the flourishing years of youth and with the commencement of regular menstruation joined to a mode of life beneficial to soul, heart and body, they remain unrecognized for years. Those afflicted appeal in perfect health to their relatives and acquaintances and the disease that was received by infection or inheritance seems to have wholly disappeared. But in later years, after adverse events and conditions of life, they are sure to appear anew and develop the more rapidly and assume a more serious character in proportion as the vital principle has become disturbed by debilitating passions, worry and care, but especially when disordered by inappropriate medicinal treatment”.
Often come to mind the famous quotes of the famous Dr. Kent:
“I wonder if scientists reflect when they make statements about bacteria. Naturally they would say that the more bacteria the more danger, but this is not so.”
“Save the life of the patient first and don’t worry about the bacteria. They are useless things.”
“The Bacterium is an innocent feller, and if he carries disease he carries the Simple Substance which causes disease, just as an elephant would.”
In this last sentence, I wonder if the bacteria would transport only the simple substance or they are able to carry more than that, for example: Exotoxins.
*Exoenzyme (Taken from wikipedia):
“An exoenzyme, or extracellular enzyme, is an enzyme that is secreted by a cellL and that works outside of that cellL. It is usually used for breaking up large molecules that would not be able to enter the cell otherwise.”
“An exotoxin is a toxin excreted by a microorganism , including bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa. An exotoxin can cause damage to the host by destroying cells or disrupting normal cellular metabolism. They are highly potent and can cause major damage to the host. Exotoxins may be secreted, or, similar to endotoxins, may be released during lysis of the cell.
Most exotoxins can be destroyed by heating. They may exert their effect locally or produce systemic effects. Well known exotoxins include the botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum and the Corynebacterium diphtheriae exotoxin which is produced during life threatening symptoms of diphtheria.
Exotoxins are susceptible to antibodies produced by the immune system, but many exotoxins are so toxic that they may be fatal to the host before the immune system has a chance to mount defenses against it.”
It is according to the last paragraph where I would focus more, overall, to mention some of the most dangerous bacteria or bacterial gender in medicine.
Taken from: “ Microbiología Médica de Volk, 3rd edition.”
Gram + bacteria, which produces a light golden pigment, called Polysaccharide A. The ability of these to cause disease depends on its resistance to be phagocytosed and its production of extracellular toxins and enzymes, for example:
Coagulase: This is an extracellular enzyme coagulase-reacting normally present in plasma (perhaps prothrombin) and plasma coagulation by converting fibrinogen into fibrin. The only pathogenic effect has been suggested for this enzyme is covering with fibrin microorganisms to inhibit phagocytosis.
Staphylococcal hemolysins: There are four: Alpha, beta, gamma and delta: It has been shown that alpha toxin, damages the smooth muscle cells and also destroys the skin (it dermonecrotic). It is also toxic to macrophages, platelets, and causes degranulation of PMNs.
Beta toxin is an enzyme that reacts with phosphorylcholine sphingomyelin to separate and further cooling causes cell rupture.
Gamma toxin, produces red blood cell destruction.
The toxin delta: injured a large number of blood cells and the injury apparently is a consequence of the reaction of hydrophobic amino acids in the phospholipids of the cell membrane.
Leukocidin: This toxin is composed of two separable components that act synergistically to cause damage to polymorphonuclear cells and macrophages.
Exfoliatina: This exotoxin, encoded by a plasmid, cause “severe exfoliative dermatitis” (Please see the case at the end); or also called “scalded skin syndrome of Staphylococcal origin”. It is characterized by the formation of wrinkles and exfoliation of the epidermis, resulting in significant loss of fluid through the skin bare. The epidermal sloughing is caused by an exotoxin diffusible, and thus infecting staphyloccocus may be present or absent in the affected skin area.
Staphylococcal enterotoxins: This exotoxin, causes food poisoning characterized by severe diarrhea and committees. Have been described 6 antigenically distinct enterotoxins A, B, C1, C2, D and E. These toxins are not destroyed and can be termoestabiles even if the food is heated sufficiently to destroy viable staphylococci.
Pyrogenic toxins: These toxins intensify the susceptibility to toxic shock (such as that occurs in women using tampons during menstruation) and cause a similar rash of scarlet fever.
Penicillinase: Enzyme capable of destroying penicillin.
E. Coli causes gastrointestinal infections in a severe way and sometimes fatal in infants. In adults, the infection is known by many names, for example, “Traveler’s diarrhea.” It can cause cystitis, pyelonephritis, abscesses, even sepsis.
So, as these two microorganisms producing lethal exotoxines, there are some more such as the following:
Furthermore, and as I wrote in my article “How could coexist conventional medicine and homeopathy?”:
“III.-Poisons (i.e. bites of venenous animals, intoxications by known chemical substances), : These cases should not be viewed as dynamic diseases, therefore must be treated with the antidote from conventional medicine and / or supportive measures such as dialysis, antibodies filtration and some immunoglobulin used in immunology for blocking of certain toxins”
Of course, I would like to know about cured cases regarding this matter. Kindly, I invite you to share them with me.
This is a staphylococcus skin case of mine which was treated homeopathically for 5 days. A Lycopodium patient, male, 6 years old (Lycopodium the first two days was improving burning pain, itching, drying vesicles).
4 days of evolution (behind left knee)
Behind right knee
After 5 days the patient still was developing new vesicle eruptions and the vesicles that had dried, they were wet again. Furthermore, the patient started to get sloughing and fall of large areas of skin (exfoliation or desquamation) on more than 10% of body surface (As if he were burned). I made several changes: Belladonna (on the third day) and Arsenicum (5th day) … No results. Neither worsening nor improvement.
In this article, I could talk about my successful cases, however, it could be that I had failed (homeopathy never fails), or it could be that there is the need to establish new criteria in order to increase the patient´s safety. I must say that after 5 days, I took the patient to the hospital, and I administered antibiotics against Staphylococcus aureus. Locally, I washed his skin lesions (Three times a day) with soap and water and later I used Cantharis MT (5 drops into a glass water). The patient improved almost 100% in two days, therefore he was taken out of hospital. Doctors were surprised for the quick response and nobody believed that during six years the child had never taken antibiotics, but only homeopathy.
We left off in the preceding post after bringing up the subject of Miasms. The intention is that students of Homoeopathy obtain accurate understanding of Hahnemanns words and meaning, so as to be confident practitioners in the therapy.
Let us begin by giving you facts to consider.
Hahnemann published a pamphlet in 1831 regarding what he then thought to be the mode of propagation of the Asiatic Cholera (see Lesser Writings, page 753 Pages may vary in different printings.) In this work he used such expressions as “excessively minute invisible living creatures so inimical to human life of which the contagious matter of the cholera most probably consist. The physicians and nurses take away with them in their clothes in their hair, probably also in their breath, the invisible [probably animated) contagious matter surrounding the cholera patient”.
you cannot take Hahnemann’s conjecture resting on probabilities in 1831 to be his real conviction or his assumed foreknowledge of modern Bacilli to be the cause or spreading agent of cholera. Evidence shows that Hahnemann never repeated or confirmed by his subsequent writing up to 1843, (the time of his death) what he had tentatively written in 1831.
Hahnemann eschewed the materialism of his time and promulgated that it is the vital force, (Life Principle, Immune system) the immaterial, invisible force which keeps man alive, happy and prosperous in health to realise the higher purposes of his existence. but when deranged by the dynamic influence of morbific agents inimical to life, it produces disagreeable sensations in the organism and bends it to irregular processes which the physician can ascertain symptoms to render aid.
These disagreeable sensations etc. occur during an overpowering attack of immaterial miasm (infection) on the immaterial vital force on the invisible immaterial plane.
For infection takes place by affection of the Vital Force (Life Principle, Immune System) with immaterial, invisible, miasmatic (infectious) influences which lead ultimately to material changes, where you find Bacteria, Bacilli etc in the human economy.
The meaning of the dynamic influence has been clearly explained byHahnemann in the foot-note of aphorism 11 (6th edition Organon). There he writes, “The dynamic effect of the sick making influences upon healthy man as well as the dynamic energy of the medicines upon the vital principle in the restoration of health, is nothing else than infection and so not in anyway material, nor in any way mechanical, just as the energy of a magnet attracting a piece of iron or steel is not material or mechanical. It is purely specific, conceptual influence that communicates to a near child, small-pox or measles in the same way as a magnet communicates to the near needle, the magnetic Property . Again, if one looks upon something nauseous and becomes inclined to vomit, did a material emetic come into his stomach which compels him to this antiperistaltic movement? Was it not solely the dynamic effect of the nauseating aspect upon his imagination ?”
Thus we see, Hahnemann speaks of vital force, disease producing force and medicinal force—all these are invisible, immaterial, conceptual and spirit-like forces.
To drag him down to the material plane of Bacteriology, is an error which every thinking rational Homceopath should avoid religiously. To inaugurate the bacteria theory and infuse it into the minds of innocent students instead of susceptibility or vital weakness as cause of disease (as said by Hahnemann) is simply to axe out Hahnemannian Homceopathy.
He is reported to have said: “In the confined spaces, filled with mouldy, watery vapours the cholera miasm finds a favourite element for its multiplication and grows [Please note here, the real meaning of The invisible cholera miasm” gradually developing into material form from internal, invisible, immaterial state
(as is natural in every infection) into an enormously increased brood of these excessively minute, invisible living creatures so inimical to life of which the contagious matter of cholera most probably consists. The cause of this is undoubtedly the invisible cloud that hovers closely around the sailors who have remained free from the disease composed of probably millions of the miasmatic (Means—developed from miasm, or resultant disease from an infection) animated beings which at first developed on the broad marshy banks of the tepid Ganges always searching out in preference the human being to his destruction. This pestiferous, infectious matter as he calls it, “which is carried about in the clothes, hair, beards, soiled hands, instruments of physicians, nurses and others seems to spread the infection and cause epidemics. “
Hahnemann never saw or admitted any material cause, Bacteria or Bacilli, as is clearly apparent from quotations from his subsequent writings in the Organon without any doubt 0r probability as shown above. Here, I should again draw the attention to the fact that this statement in the Lesser Writings naturally of lesser importance and authenticity was never referred to by Hahnemann in his future writings.
It was made, without actually seeing a case of cholera, without visiting India, without having a glimpse of the Ganges, without feeling the temperatures of the waters of the Ganges so pleasant and something more than pleasingly cool (Hahnemann described it as tepid) without having the good fortune of knowing the wonderful antiseptic properties of the cold stream which comes down from the Himalayas. But Hahnemann describes it as tepid for want of actual experience. Another wonderful feature of the statement is that it is qualified by the words “Seems”, “Probably”, “Most probably” as stated above. To make a passing remark without actually seeing a disease or anything connected with it, is one affair and solid opinion formed after close observation and handling it, is certainly essentially different. The theoretical assumptions are liable to be falsified by cool thinking, practical and repeated observations or experience extending over a length of time. Maybe the reality is that Hahnemann was passing through a doubtful state of mind but he never settled into a solid opinion as it appears from later writings.
But correctly speaking his assumption is due to misinterpretation.
In the preface of the the sixth edition of the Organon published in 1843 Hahnemann says: “It can easily convince every reflecting person that the diseases of man are not caused by any substance, any acridity, that is to say disease matter but they are solely spirit-like (dynamic) derangements of the spirit-like power [vital principle) that animates the human body (Aph 11.).
Here, please notice, there is no word “probably” etc. in the assertion of Hahnemann. This was written in 1833 and published in 1843, that is, at least two years if not ten years after Hahnemann’s observation regarding the probable affection and spread of Cholera published in 1831.
In the 11th para of Organon Hahnemann says—“When a person falls ill it is only the spiritual self-acting (automatic) vital force everywhere present in the organism that is primarily deranged by the dynamic influence of morbific agent inimical to life, it is the vital principle deranged to such an abnormal state that can furnish the organism with its disagreeable sensations and incline it to irregular processes which we call disease.”
Again in the 12th para he repeats the same thing “it is morbidly affected vital forces alone that produces the disease.”
In a foot-note to the 12th para Hahnemann says “How the vital force causes the organism to display morbid phenomena, that is how it produces disease, it would be of no utility to physician to know.”
This remark was made by Hahnemann here only because he had bitter experience in trying to explain how cholera spreads or affects persons with a probable, i.e., doubtful theory.
Now what was the bitter experience he had? It was the challenge by Dr. Hufeland, of his theory of the “Probable” cause of the spread of cholera. quoting from the Lesser Writings of Hahnemann,. At para 758 Hahnemann says:—
” The Only fact brought forward by Hufeland against my proofs that on board an English Ship in the open sea about the latitude of Riga that had no communication (?)with the town two sailors were suddenly seized with the cholera, proves nothing, for it is not known how near the ship came to the infected town of Riga so that the sphere of miasm exhalation from the town although diluted might yet have reached and infected the sailors who were still unused to the miasm (infecting agent) especially if they as is often the case were rendered more susceptible to it from intemperance.”
Here Hahnemann being cornered by Hufeland has been compelled to admit that sailors on board the ship near Riga were attacked with cholera not from infectious matter washed out from the town, a far-fetched idea, but was attacked with the miasm (infecting agent) of cholera being susceptible to it from the lowered vitality or vital weakness due to their intemperance, etc. Now everybody with common sense is bound to admit that sailors on board the ship in the Ganges were also affected with cholera, from the same cause of lowered vitality caused by intemperance, etc. The dismal unhealthy condition which helped the growth of cholera miasm (infecting agent) certainly lowered the vitality of sailors also on the Ganges. Of course, the bad odour, mouldy atmosphere, etc., added fuel to the fire in spreading the disease. So the meteoric or telluric influences causing sporadic or epidemic attacks of Acute diseases cannot be thrown overboard with bad logic or fallacious arguments. What Hahnemann had published in 1843 in Organon must have greater authenticity than what he gave out in his Lesser Writings.
The most striking example of infection and rapid spread of cholera as is well-known and as the journals inform us in this way:
“On board ships in the confined spaces filled with watery vapours the cholera miasm (infecting agent) finds a favourable element for its Multiplication, etc.”
If the sailors on the sea near Riga are liable to attack of cholera without any actual contact due to intemperance lowering the power of vital force to resist the disease miasm (infecting agent) the sailors on board the ship near the shore of the Ganges living under same unhealthy condition and character had their vitality lowered by intemperance. The same causes have been expressed in paragraph 73 of the Organon of epidemic diseases which prevail among thickly congregated masses of human beings. That calamities of war, inundations and famine also produce Acute diseases by lowering the strength of the vital force and thereby developing susceptibility to diseases when innumerable persons gather together and live under unhealthy conditions and privations, is readily understandable.
Morbific noxious agents do not possess the power of morbidly deranging the health of man unconditionally but we are made ill by them only when our organism is sufficiently susceptible to the attack of the morbific cause—(Organon aph 31).
The truth is unless the vital force is weak and susceptible, no acute or chronic miasm can ever affect the vital force.
To clarify further.
The second edition of Hahnemann’s “Chronic Diseases” was published by parts between 1835 and 1838. In that edition Hahnemann retained those passages in the body of his book, which refer to “the parasitic existence” of Chronic miasms (vide p. 9, para 2, Chronic Disease, Second Edition 1835) and not merely the very suggestive foot-notes In the sixth edition of Organon (the manuscript of which he was supposed to have completed in 1843 or in February1842, according to Haehl) in a foot-note to sec. 80 he refers the readers to the above-mentioned 2nd edition of “Chronic Disease”.
This shows that what he conceived of the nature of miasms was maintained by him till his death. During the Cholera Epidemic years of 1831 and 1832 Hahnemann was a resolute, clear thinking man of seventy-six. So his writings during this period came out of a mature brain and were not of “lesser” importance just because his scattered articles were collected and published in a book form by Dr. Dudgeon under the name “Lesser Writings”.
Dr. Dudgeon, for instance, charged Hahnemann with “frequent changes and repetition of the same thing, etc.” He certainly failed to reckon the necessities for introduction of a perplexing new thing in questions of life and death. Others with more profound knowledge found in Hahnemann’s huge writings which they mostly misunderstood unwarranted presumption, dogmatic assertion, obscure conception, undue generalisation, incomplete formulations and arguments in a vicious circle.
We point out that Hahnemann was a cautious scientist. How could he write otherwise in absence of positive visual observation? But his intuition and clear logic led him to hint about the invisible living beings which had something to do with incidence and spread of the Cholera disease in an epidemic form. Here a bit of medical history will clarify the situation. Long before Hahnemann’s birth the microscope was invented. The researches of Kircher, Malphigii, Leewenhoek, Hooker etc. (during 1626-1651) established the existence of microbes. But till Hahnemann’s time it was not definitely known whether pathogenic micro-organisms did exist or in the event of their existence whether they had any causal relation with the human organism in the production of diseases. The idea of infection by micro-organisms was also hinted at by G. Fracastoro when he published his book “De Contagione” in 1546 after the great plague epidemic in Europe. Hahnemann was a scholar and a voracious reader. He must have known about Fracastoro’s writings. During the Cholera epidemic the people and medical men were confronted with the same problems of checking the spread of the disease as during the previousplague period. Though Hahnemann, in the beginning was against all classification and nomenclature of diseases, the epidemic diseases where many persons were simultaneously attacked with a very similar type of disease set him thinking deeply and led him to conclude about the existence of “fixed miasms”—proofs of which are before our eyes in his writings of Sec. 73 (Organon, 6th Ed.). Hahnemann came to fix the nature of these “fixed miasms” as living micro-organisms. He wrote four letters concerning Cholera during June to October in 1831—where he not only gave clear hints about the nature of the causative agents, their mode of transmission, their curative treatment but also about the preventive steps to be taken to check the spread of that terrible disease. He wrote about sterilising the infected clothes with a heat of about 80°C; and certainly Hahnemann did not think of sterilising “immaterial, conceptual, spirit-like dynamic forces” with heat (Haehl’s Biography of Hahnemann).
The then medical profession including the great Dr. Hufeland stood for the atmospheric-telluric theory for the cholera epidemic and decried the preventive measures suggested byHahnemann. It was Hahnemann alone who stood for the microbic nature of infection which has been proved up to the hilt by systematic researches of Pasteur and Koch. That Hahnemannwas cornered by Hufeland in certain points proves nothing but the fact that the full and precise knowledge about transmission of infecting organisms was not known to the former. Hahnemann through sheer intuition and clear logic and correct observations anticipated their works.That Hahnemann meant by “miasm” what we mean by microbes is established beyond any doubt.
Negatively it is an action other than mechanical, physical or chemical. Positively it is a qualitative action. If the drugs can possess dynamic action, if the human organism can exert dynamic action, why not the living micro-organisms no matter whether they are visible or invisible ? Allopathy tries toexplain the modus operandi of the process of infection by the interaction of the chemistry of the body with the toxins secreted by the microbes. Hahnemann, on the other hand, claims that the chemico-physical processes just fall short of the total and complex living phenomena. As the drugs act on the living body through their essential qualities besides their physico chemical properties, so the living microbes can also act through their essential qualities (possessed by their life-force) to change the qualitative state of the organism. That’s all, where is the
difficulty to understand this simple thing? During Hahnemann’s time the word “miasm” was used loosely to express many things viz., morbific emanations from putrescent organic matter, animal or vegetable, and sometimes the effluvia arising from the bodies of those affected by certain diseases some of which were regarded as infectious and others not. Hahnemann fixed the connotation and denotation of this vaguely used word—miasm. From the Organon it can be clearly proved that Hahnemann included physical, psychic and these biological causes under the general name of morbific noxious agents. But all these agents act on the living organism through dynamic (i.e., qualitative) actions and interactions to alter the state of health of the organism. The inclusion of biological agents i.e., miasms (in old terminology) or microbes (in modern terminology) in the list of the morbific noxious agents i.e., “contagium Vivum” is the greatest contribution of Hahnemann in the field of medical thought. Dyna- mis means force and force is always invisible and imperceptible to our senses but their existence is inferred through their workings. The immaterial force must have a material vehicle. As substantial entity of a drug is the vehicle and carrier of its dynamic property, so the microbic body is the vehicle and carrier of their dynamic property. Where is the difficulty to understand this?
Hahnemann talked about “Dynamic influences of morbific agents”—and we tried to establish the identity of one group of the morbific agents. Bacteria etc., are living beings and not material substances. Bacteria belong to the group of fission-fungi of the plant kingdom. Hahnemann could not possibly know that but surmised that they must be living beings. He used the word “animated”.
Our human organism is an integrated indivisible whole of mentalised
living matter. It presents different aspects—material, vital and mental—which we take as distinctive entities for the facilitation of our comprehension (aph 15 of Organon 6th Ed.), but which are not so in factual reality. Here, again, we give credit to Hahnemann for anticipating the psycho-somatic conception of modern times. The truth is that the human organism is neither a machine nor a chemical factory nor a vital or psychic being, each to the exclusion of all others but it is a whole including all aspects and at the same time transcending them all. But towards the end of his life Hahnemann leaned more and more to the pure vitalistic school whereas the rapid advances in the knowledge of physical sciences tipped the balance on the side of the materialistic school. History reveals that he was more influenced by the theories of Stahl, Barthez and Hoffmann , who all belonged to the animistic and vitalistic school though
he tried to keep away from the irrational parts of their theories.
Comparative study of the successive editions of Organon shows that this allusion to “vital force” occurs first in the 5th Edition (1833) as “vital force” has often been substituted for the words “Organism”, body, state of health of the previous
edition. In the 6th edition he came to believe in the substantial entity of the vital principle. But this trenchant division into rival schools of thought has lost its significance as the latest development in the knowledge of physical sciences has served to dematerialise matter and found mass and energy to be convertible terms and as theoretical physics pushed to its extremes is on the point of losing itself in the realms of metaphysics. We feel a contradiction and conflict in Hahnemann’s ideas if we read sees. 11, 12, 13 with 15 of Organon, (6th edition). In sec. 15 we read the body-life as a complex indivisible whole, although “in thought our mind separates this unity into two distinct conceptions for the sake of easy comprehension. Here the factual reality is that the body and life are not two entirely separate substantial entities; whereas in aphs. 11, 12, 13 we are given to understand that it is only the vital principle which is primarily affected in disease and which leads to subsequent disorders in the material body. There is a mechanical view of cause and effect implicit behind this statement which Hahnemann shared with the sixteenth and the seventeenth century physicians that the living body did not work itself but it was tenanted by a principle that made it “live”, something immaterial that used the body as a craftsman uses a tool. But if life and body are inseparable and one cannot exist without the other what happens when a man dies ? Surely something which kept the organism alive is missing and the vitalistic school pounced upon this phenomena and asserted the independent existence of the life-principle.
Neither the science nor the philosophy of the West could explain this apparently anomalous phenomenon. For an explanation we have to delve deep into the
realm of metaphysics which is just the thing Hahnemann wanted us to avoid. That is why in a footnote to aph. 31 he wrote that he did not wish to give a hyper-physical (i.e., metaphysical) explanation of the internal nature of the disease or the essential nature of life-force in healthy or unhealthy condition. To him disease is just a state of alteration in health i.e., a qualitative change comprising sensational and functional changes which are perceptible to our senses. The human organism has a material part (body) which is also liable to change but it is the qualitative change which the patient feels and suffers therefrom. But here Hahnemann apparently forgets his body-life integration and like a pure vitalist asserts that this qualitative change is absolutely independent of physico-chemical alterations of the physical body.
This statement has served to make the confusion worse.. The real truth is that though life can never be adequately explained through physico chemical processes it is as futile and untrue to say that life does not consist of chemico-physical processes as to say that poetry does not consist of words. In our Surface-existence mind, life and body are integrated into an indivisible whole. To our senses are perceptible the phenomena of physical mind and physical life which do not exist apart from the material body. But the true mind and true life can exist apart from the body which go away in the event of death. ‘All diseases with which we medical men are concerned belong to our physical nature, whether in the gross physical or vital physical or the mental-physical level. We do not treat mind and life as such but as a mentalised living body. For in this world of matter everything is manifested through it. We do not see Life or mind existing by itself but always as a ‘bodied’ life and embodied mind. How the mind or life has come to be embodied is a metaphysical problem beyond our ordinary mental conception. Hahnemann referred to this fact in his foot-note No. 8 to sec. 12 of Organon, 6th Edition.
Hahnemann did not, could not, and wanted not to delve into these metaphysical questions. He stuck to the plane of phenomena on which he could tread with surer steps and he was satisfied to deduce only those conceptions which were warranted from his observations. Still he was a child of his times and leaned to vitalistic school in his later years. That is why Hughes regarded Hahnemann’s vital theory as a physiological hypothesis.
In aph 31 of Organon 6th Edition, Hahnemann writes that the action of drugs on the living organism is almost unconditional whereas the miasmatic infection is very much conditional, the susceptibility of the organism being a prior condition. As it takes two hands to produce a clap so we require the living body’s susceptibility on the one hand and the miasm, on the other for eventual pro- duction of disease. Leaving the miasm or microbe out of consideration and talking about the production of diseases only with the living body’s susceptibility is one-sided and incomplete. This distorted view axes out the Hahnemannian Homoeopathy. Hahnemann perfectly anticipated that the miasms (microbes) were not the absolute cause but only a conditioned cause in the production of diseases.
Bacteriology has solved the problem to a great extent of prevention of acute diseases, whether sporadic or epidemic; and Bacteriology has rounded off the theory of chronic diseases as propounded by Hahnemann. Whatever may be Hahnemann’s conception of the nature of the morbific agents his approach to the therapeutic problem is different from that of the Allopathic School.
Truth never cramps anyone’s mind; reception of truth leads to further mental expansion. The Organon is a critique of medical philosophy for all times.
A proper and accurate study of Hahnemann’s writing will never lead to difficulty but on the other hand will serve to clear away many misconceptions that have accumulated round the Homoeopathic philosophy.
The Thrust of modern medicine is to find causes of disease conditions and to remove them with the idea that by removing the cause the effect will cease and result in cure of a disease.
According to the thinking of mainstream medicine, three things have been pointed out as causal factors of diseases, e.g., pathological structure, pathological function and indirectly pathogenic bacteria capable of producing disease conditions.
Science postulates the cause is the invariable, unconditional and immediate antecedent of the effect or the sum-total of conditions, positive and negative, taken together which are sufficient to produce the effect without the presence of any other antecedent or in other words, in scientific investigations, the cause must be regarded as the entire aggregate of conditions or circumstances requisite to the effect.
However it can easily be demonstrated that neither structure, nor function or micro-organisms possess the properties of cause (strictly according to the canons of logic), which are as follows:
Since the principle of causation is a hypothesis which up till now has not been proven in practice and is theoretically unjustified, all the researches devised for the purpose of finding causes (prima causa morbi) must be inconclusive. Little wonder, then, that despite the enormous amount of work done we have been unable to find the original causes of diseases and that medical theories succeed one another with such extraordinary rapidity.
The claim of the orthodox system of medicine of being a rational scientific one because of its being based on the principle of causality, fails.
Here Homoeopathy steps in. Hahnemann gave up the attempt to base his system of medicine on a causal basis. To him association or sequence of phenomena was enough. He presented Homoeopathy, based on the Law of Similars as a descriptive science, based on phenomenalism and not concerned principally with causal explanations. It is also to be noted that we find Hahnemann’s ideas in accord with the most advanced conceptions of physical science.
Here, we must pause and reflect, ask questions and rationalize. Is Hahnemann saying that Bacteria and Virii are not the cause of a disease? No. Hahnemann was among the first to describe bacteria as “living” creatures that carry disease inducing infection. After studying his words for 35 years, I have come to see that he divides causality and individual disease as two separate entities.
You can remove the cause, the bacteria, the virus, the fungus, and yet Dis-ease itself will continue to be present in the organism. Many times I have seen Gonnorhea infection ( Neisseria gonorrhoeae) removed from a person, and yet health declines. Sometimes even the partners health can decline and no trace of gonorrhoea can be detected.
So a situation arises within homoeopathy and understanding of what Hahnemanns theory of Miasms is refering to. In my experience, 95% of all explanations are simply wrong. I bring Miasms into this discussion simply because it answers how we as homoeopaths can relate to the subject of causality and disease.
It took me a number of years of reading and re-reading the Chronic Diseases and the Organon to gain insight into the explanation of Hahnemanns words. For those of us with a training in homoeopathy that included Kents interpretive and religious overlay, it required a leap of faith to put aside the philosophy of Swedenborgianism and just look at Hahnemann without that veil. Once done, the meaning of Hahnemanns words became clear.
Miasm is an infecting agent.
Miasmatic Disease is the resultant illness after being infected. It is NOT the infecting agent.
So. following the logic, once infected a disease process starts up. This is no longer dependent on the infecting agent, and is a direct reaction to BEING infected. Removing the primary infection prevents a CONSTANT infection state, but does not stop the reactive disease production that has started.
We will discuss further in another article.
Many homoeopaths hold the viewpoint that diagnosis of a ‘disease’ is not important. By disease, I mean the descriptive name for a collection of symptoms that individualise a known condition, ie pneumonia, measles, eczema etc.
The reality is, and always has been, as taught by Hahnemann, to treat the DISEASE that the has destabilised the health of an individual. We do not take the collective totality of the personality, the likes and dislikes of the person, we take only the altered state CAUSED by the disease and expressed by the individual affected person.
The two single most useful Aphorisms in case taking are ~5 and ~6. It is beyond the scope of this post to discuss in detail, if truth be told it requires time in a seminar to expand the writings and demonstrate fully so as to inculcate the understanding to reach the heart of a practitioner. If assimilated incorrectly, you will find that a lot of misprescriptions will be made based on faulty comprehension of Hahnemanns words.
This leads me to my next point. I ask a question: Are you a real homoeopath?
Firstly, after many years of thinking on this question, I realise that the question is incorrect. It should be: Are you a real believer in the law of similars?
The scope and sphere of Homoeopathy must be clearly expressed. In a wider sense, Homoeopathy, in the first place, means a method of scientific study and therapeutic practice; in the second place, it means the facts discovered by this method; and thirdly it signifies the theories that have been propounded to explain and correlate these facts. In other words, Homoeopathy implies a particular way of applying drugs to diseases according to a specific principle viz., “Similia Similibus Curentur”, and of potentitiation (dynamisation) of drugs. In a narrower and stricter sense, Homoeopathy means a specialised system of drug therapy, nothing more or nothing less.
As Homoeopathy looks upon diseases as an altered condition of the life principal of a living being, Homoeopathy, as a therapeutic method, is concerned primarily with the morbid vital processes in the living organism which are perceptibly represented by the symptoms irrespective of what caused them. Homoeopathy then is concerned only with dis-eases, per se in its primary functional or dynamical aspect.
With the morbific agents themselves Homoeopathy has no more to do than it has with the tangible products or ultimates of disease. It is taken for granted that the physician acting in another capacity than that of a prescriber of Homoeopathic medicines will remove the causes of the disease and the obstacle to cure as far as possible before he addresses himself to the task of selecting and administering the remedy which is homoeopathic to the symptoms of the case by which the cure is to be effected. Thus Homoeopathy deals directly with disease itself, morbid vital processes manifested by perceptible symptoms in the functional side of disease. In fact, Homoeopathy might well be defined as the science of vital dynamics.
It is confined to and operative only in the sphere of vital dynamics.
As Homoeopathy is primarily and pre eminently a specialised system of drug therapy, it is not a complete system of medicine (in the wide sense of the term); but it might legitimately claim itself to be a complete system of therapeutic medication.
It is supreme within its legitimate sphere because it is a method of therapeutic medication which is based on a fixed and definite law of nature. The time has come for defining the scope and limits of Homoeopathy. Wide as its scope is, it has its limitations as well and we have to be cognisant of this fact.
Homoeopathy may have many gaps which need be filled; may have many points of obscurity which need illumination and clarification and may imply many directions in which researches can be carried out—but it is and will continue to be a distinct system of healing art; it is uncompromising with regard to following items which can be claimed as specialities for itself. The most important speciality of Homoeopathy lies in the distinctive mode of approach to the study of diseases and drug actions. It is a clinical method of approach and the art of individualising patients and drug-actions.
The clinical phenomena are those which render themselves perceptible to our senses as a resultant of the actions and reactions of forces, physico-chemical, vital and psychological operating in and through the diseased human organism.
Homoeopathy disregards all the hypothetical and ever-changing explanations of physiology and pathology and uses this plane of clinical phenomena as a guide to reach the unseen activities operating below the surface.
The second speciality is with regard to classification of diseases. The dominant school of medicine follows the system of classificatory sciences of botany and zoology. It classifies diseases into genus and species. But Homoeopathy goes further and concentrates its attention on individuals—so it is closer to factual concrete reality. The “Totality of symptoms” is taken to be a guide for individualisation.
The third speciality is with regard to this: The essential question in Homoeopathy is not what the patient is suffering from, but in what kind of way he reacts.
Diagnosis in Homoeopathy does not mean the labelling of the patient with the name of a disease and then treating that nominal entity, but diagnosing the patient in terms of drug reaction, which would restore his vital equilibrium. The patient is to be diagnosed in terms of treatment. This is Homoeopathy in a nut shell.
But “it is a shell which some find hard to crack, but when cracked it is found to be packed full of sweet and wholesome meat with no worms in it”—as Stuart Close points out in his book ‘Lecture on Homoeopathic Philosophy”.
The selection and administration of remedies constitute the science of therapeutics, as the investigation of the properties of drugs constitutes the science of Materia Medica. It is impossible to conceive of a science i.e., systematized knowledge, which is not based on some fundamental principle correlating the series of phenomena concerning any particular branch of study. The therapeutic branch of medical knowledge consists of a study of disease phenomena on the one hand and that of positive effects of drugs on the healthy human beings on the other. Hence any therapeutic study is incomplete and unscientific if a general law be not discovered between a natural disease-condition and the action of a drug that will be curative. Homoeopathy supplies such a law—though the orthodox school of medicine apparently denies the necessity for such a general therapeutic law and relies only on unmethodized experience and fallacious reasoning and presumes to claim utter scientificity for itself by borrowing from chemico-physical sciences.
The therapeutic law of Similia Similibus Curentur is a scientific law as justified by the following considerations:
This therapeutic law of cure, as discovered in Homoeopathy, as regards the treatment of diseases by drugs which, when proved on healthy human beings, possess the power to produce symptoms similar to those found in persons suffering from natural diseases—pursues at its every step the scientific methods of observation, classification, comparison of phenomena perceptible to our senses and does not attempt to enter into the misty realm of metaphysical speculation to divine the essential secrets of nature viz-, life, mind and body and their nature of inter-relationship and the “modus operandi” of drugs in producing symptoms in healthy human beings or curing disease conditions brought on by natural causes.
This law takes into account only the clinical phenomena (i.e.,perceptible alterations of sensations, functions and of tissues) in patients and drug provers—which hold good so long as observations are correct and complete and which are not liable to be changed with every altered biological conception, newer medical terminologies or newer discoveries in physiological and pathological sciences. The clinical symptoms are facts—they do not change but may be added to.
With the help of this Law of cure the study of therapeutic branch of medicine has been raised to an independent status having a life of its own. While deriving its sustenance from truths and conceptions of other sciences auxiliary to medicine it possesses freedom from whatever new knowledge might be acquired in those sciences in course of time.
On comparison with other therapeutic systems (with or without any basic law underlying) the Law of Simile stands out boldest and most free from uncertainties, imperfections and irrationality inherent in others.
I was recently asked about Phosphorous in eruptions. Specifically I was asked why Phosphorous doesn’t appear in the TPB symptom Eruption, pustules (symptom no. 1426 in P&W Synopsis), when the word “pustule” appears twice in Hahnemann’s proving.
In the proving “Pustules” appears in the following contexts:
431 – Eruption of pimples in the face
432 – Eruption of pimples on both of the cheeks.
433 – Frequent pustules and scurf from suppuration in the face, after the least lesion of its skin.
434 – Rough, red, mottled eruption of the face, slightly elevated. [Ng.].
459 – Burning pain on the red of the lower lip, with white blisters on the inner side of it, with burning pain (aft. 11 d.).
460 – The lower lip is cracked wide open, in the middle.
461 – An itching spot on the left lower jaw, he had to scratch it raw.
462 – Itching of the upper lip, with pain after rubbing.
463 – Swollen upper lip, every morning.
464 – Eruption on the red of both the lips, at times with stitches.
465 – Pustules on the commissures of the lips.
Trawling through Merriam Webster revealed that although pustules usually refer only to blister-like eruptions, and not always to pus filled ones, it is often used interchangeably with pimples, used to imply a more impressive presence of the eruption.
So bearing in mind that when looking through provings we are dealing with several levels of translation – from sensation to words in German, from words of the prover to Hahnemann’s collated and edited proving in German, and from Hahnemann’s German to modern (fairly) English – we probably have to include pimples in this. This is P&W’s footnote on the TPB rubric:
 Pustules, any type of skin eruptions, which elevate over the skin and can be filled either with pus or pus-like fluid and form crusts that may or may not erode the skin.
Why have I put you through so many pimples and pustules? Because this kind of question is why so many people miss the point when starting to work with the TPB.
The TPB is essentially a practical manual, a guide to materia medica. It reflects how Boenninghausen used the provings in his clinic, how he searched for information and how he deduced the symptoms to use and the remedies to investigate.
So you may be dealing with pimples. Or pustules. Or pimples which are turning into pustules. In the case I was asked about, the practitioner seemed fairly sure of the Phosphorous for the other symptoms, but found the absence of the remedy in pimples gave him reason to hesitate.
In such cases the issue is not whether the eruption is a pimple or a pustule. The issue is far more about the nature of the pimple/pustule.
– Is it crusted?
– Is there fluid in the pimple/pustule?
– Is there a colour, a texture, a smell?
– Is there pain on touching?
– Is there constant pain, and what is its nature? Burning, aching, stitching?
– Is the patient crippled with embarrassment about the pimple/pustule, much more than usually?
– Is it before/during/after menses?
– Is it after binge eating?
Do you see where I’m going with this? The remedy will become clear not from the question “what is it, pimple or pustule?” but from all the other questions. To remind you of Boenninghausen’s questions:
Quis – Who is the patient, what does he do, what’s his usual state of health
Quid – What is the complaint – sensation
Ubi – Where is the problem – location
Quibus Auxilibus – with what/concomitants
Cur – Why, trigger, maintaining causes
Quomodo – Modalities, aggravations and ameliorations
Quando – Time modalities, occurrence, aggravation and amelioration.
My main point here is that learning to work with Boenninghausen means learning to think very differently about symptoms and case-taking. If you’re starting out with Boenninghausen from a Kentian background – as I did – looking for rubrics can feel like hunting for a tooth which has been pulled out. You will not find the rubric you’re looking for if you’re searching for Face, eruptions, cheeks, pustule, yellow, excoriating. If you’re lucky – as you will be here, you will find Face eruptions cheeks. And you’ll have to look for the rest step by step – Eruptions yellow, eruptions excoriating, pustules (and pimples). My preference is to look more for the smell, the color, the modalities – and then once I’ve narrowed things down to several remedies, to search for the other qualities through the reversed materia medica and through the proving itself.
One of the reasons you have not heard from us for a while is that we have been busy with sorting out our teaching courses.
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“………….I live in XXXXX, can you recommend a homoeopath?”
We all get asked. I have a policy of not suggesting a name if I dont know anyone personally. I found it to be a fatal error to do so.
“……..You look so elegant, a long neck, for these reasons I am going to prescribe SWAN 1m for you….”
“………..You said you felt like you were drowning in problems, that your business was under water, for these reasons I am only going to look at sea mammal remedies for the similimum….”
At some point I gave up on mainstream homoeopathy. The therapy has lost its way. The people who use the medicines, I am loath to call them homoeopaths, have succumbed to the quasi healer thinking in the schools and never did learn to be physicians, instead relying on disparate teachings of the sensation method and mentalisations rather than solid prescribing symptoms. Most have not read the Organon or understand disease process and prefer to put their trust in the Universe rather than Hahnemanns directions.
A few year ago, a well known female homoeopath, prominent in her public persona and a staunch supporter of Sankaran, got very sick with food poisoning… for some reason she called me. I noted the symptoms, prescribed and waited on the phone with her as the medicine did its work and cleared the system. She never acknowledged it. Later I saw her lauding the power of the remedy but neglecting to mention me or the help she received. She did not have much to do with me after the episode… too embarrassed I guess that a person who practises in the Hahnemannian way saved her life.
Some of the modern provings are based on dreams, and used even though the person who had the dream NEVER took the remedy! Yet vast swathes of modern prescribers use the remedies and swear by their effectiveness, only to later drop the remedy from their medicine kit and privately admit they were not effective. This because the proving overseer is a ‘master practitioner’. This is a another fallacy simply because a well trained homoeopath would never let such a poorly tested and proven remedy see the light of day.
A colleague of mine in another country, is constantly amazed when talking to recently graduated practitioners that they know little or NOTHING of the Organon. “How can they treat people without knowing Hahnemanns instructions? she asked……… I just shrug.